Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough quantities of thyroid hormones. The hormones produced during this condition are not enough to meet the demands of the body. This condition mostly affects older women mostly above age fifty. In order to reduce the symptoms of the disease, you have to take in the right diet. Some of the foods may worsen the condition hence should be avoided. Below is the best diet for hypothyroidism.
Although the thyroid is a small part of the body, it needs to be supplied with vitamins and minerals just like any other part of the body. Thus, the food you eat must contain all the essentials nutrients. However, proteins should be supplied at a higher rate to ensure that the thyroid gland functions well for instance fish, poultry and meat products. The best diet for hypothyroidism should include the following elements.
Foods rich in Iodine
Iodine stimulates the production of thyroid hormones. If you lack enough iodine in your body, thyroid gland will not be in the position to produce its key hormones. You can get the iodine from sea foods and vegetables, mushroom, asparagus, eggs and garlic. Iodized salt is also a perfect source of iodine. However, remember that excessive consumption of iodized salt leads to high blood pressure.
Selenium rich foods
Traces of this element enhance the production of thyroid hormones. Additionally, it converts T4 which is a thyroid hormone (thyroxine) to T3 (triiodothyronine) which is very important for body metabolism. It also serves as a protective detoxifying element which helps in the preservation of the gland when exposed to different stress situations. This makes it possible to recycle iodine which is very vital as one approaches old age. Foods rich in selenium include mushrooms, sunflower, soybeans, kidney, brown rice and Brazil nuts.
Foods packed with vitamins and antioxidants
Stress greatly affects the functioning of the body. Oxidative stress is one of the major causes of body malfunctioning. Thus, antioxidants are important to fight stress. Vitamin such as A, C and E contain the antioxidant properties. Vitamin C and B keep the thyroid hormones under maximum control. Vitamin B is also needed in a production of T4. The vitamins are available in foods such as fish, oranges, carrots, whole grains and vegetables.
Foods rich in Zinc and Iron
Zinc is a used in a production of the thyroid hormones which are T4, T3 and TSH. Thus, Lack of Zinc leads to hypothyroidism. Foods rich in zinc include soybeans, turkey, peas, whole grains, walnuts and pecans.
Iron also plays a crucial role in a production of thyroid hormones. Foods rich in iron include pumpkin, spinach, white beans, oysters, organ meat and lentils.
Consume a lot of water
Water consumption is very important in the treatment of hypothyroidism. You should ensure that you consume enough water so as to enhance metabolism.
Foods you should avoid
To ensure that you maintain a proper diet for hypothyroidism there are some foods that you should avoid. These are foods which prevent proper functioning of the thyroid gland. These foods include mustard, cauliflower, sweet potato, broccoli and strawberry.
To maintain a proper diet for hypothyroidism ensure that all the carbohydrates are natural. Additionally, avoid alcohol and junk foods with a lot of sugar and fat. Lastly, exercise regularly to live a healthy life.